Guld som betalningsmedel – rent trams

24 May, 2011 at 16:34 | Posted in Economics | 4 Comments


Jag blev igår uppringd av Sveriges Radio för att kommentera och reda ut varför vissa (republikanska) delstater i USA nu bestämt sig för att acceptera guld som betalningsmedel (något man överlag inte gjort sedan 1930-talet) och att vissa republikanska politiker också börjat prata om att en tillbakagång till guldmyntfot (“gold standard”) skulle vara en bra idé.

Mitt svar var att det här är rent trams och en synnerligen larvig pseudopolitisk markering mot Barack Obama.

Man tar sig för pannan. Den här typen av idioti får mig osökt att tänka på vad Keynes skrev i The Economic Consequences of Mr Churchill (1925)

We stand midway between two theories of economic society. The one theory maintains that wages should be fixed by reference to what is ’fair’ and ’reasonable’ as between classes. The other theory–the theory of the economic juggernaut–is that wages should be settled by economic pressure, otherwise called ’hard facts’, and that our vast machine should crash along, with regard only to its equilibrium as a whole, and without attention to the chance consequences of the journey to individual groups. The gold standard, with its dependence on pure chance, its faith in the ’automatic adjustments’, and its general regardlessness of social detail, is an essential emblem and idol of those who sit in the top tier of the machine. I think that they are immensely rash… in their comfortable belief that nothing really serious ever happens. Nine times out of ten, nothing really does happen–merely a little distress to individuals or to groups. But we run a risk of the tenth time (and stupid into the bargain), if we continue to apply the principles of an economics, which was worked out on the hypothesis of laissez-faire and free competition, to a society which is rapidly abandoning these hypotheses…

Eller för att citera en annan auktoritet – 1695 års psalmbok:

Gull ej annat är än mull


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  3. Under den klassiska guldmyntfotens glansdagar cirkulerade praktiskt taget inga guldmynt. Rådande svensk skuldebrevsrätt bygger på betalning med lagligt betalningsmedel, trots att i praktiken knappast några andra än banker betalar skulder och skuldräntor med lagligt betalningsmedel och detta i snabbt avtagande utsträckning. Privatpersoner betalar sällan skulder och skuldräntor med lagligt betalningsmedel.

    Trots detta presumerar svensk rätt att skulder och skuldräntor betals med lagligt betalningsmedel. På samma sätt måste man bygga fordringsrätten under en guldmyntfot på betalning med guldmynt, trots att sådan betalning i verkligehten endast skulle förekomma i ett fåtal undantagsfall. Det är en i det närmaste perfekt analogi med vad som gäller för förhållandet mellan svensk fordringsrätt och den faktiska användningen av lagligt betalningsmedel.

    Så vill man ha guldmyntfot så måste rättssystemet bygga på en betalningsmetod som i praktiken knappast förekommer.

    Om man skulle få avyttra guldmynt/guldtackor utan att behöva betala reavinstskatt och samma sak skulle gälla fordringar betalbara i guldmynt/guldtackor skulle eventuellt USA få en parallell guldstandard och med tanke på hur förskräckligt illa det enligt dig skulle vara finns väl ingen risk att en sådan möjlighet skulle begagnas av några andra än ett fåtal excentriska personer.

    För övrigt är guld en konsumtionsvara som köps och säljs i de flesta svenska köpcentra.

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